Songjin Yang, Jingming Zhou, Yaqi Li, Jiacheng Wu, Chuan Ma, Yulin Chen, Xingzhuo Sun, Lingli Wu , Xin Liang , Qiuping Fu , Zhengjun Xu, Lihua Li , Zhengjian Huang, Jianqing Zhu , Xiaomei Jia, Xiaoying Ye , Rongjun Chen
International Journal of Molecular Sciences，2023 Sep 22;24(19):14441（IF=5.6）
Cold stress is the main factor limiting rice production and distribution. Chaling wild rice can survive in cold winters. AP2/EREBP is a known transcription factor family associated with abiotic stress. We identified the members of the AP2/EREBP transcription factor family in rice, maize, and Arabidopsis, and conducted collinearity analysis and gene family analysis. We used Affymetrix array technology to analyze the expression of AP2/EREBP family genes in Chaling wild rice and cultivated rice cultivar Pei’ai64S, which is sensitive to cold. According to the GeneChip results, the expression levels of AP2/EREBP genes in Chaling wild rice were different from those in Pei’ai64S; and the increase rate of 36 AP2/EREBP genes in Chaling wild rice was higher than that in Pei’ai64S. Meanwhile, the MYC elements in cultivated rice and Chaling wild rice for the Os01g49830, Os03g08470, and Os03g64260 genes had different promoter sequences, resulting in the high expression of these genes in Chaling wild rice under low-temperature conditions. Furthermore, we analyzed the upstream and downstream genes of the AP2/EREBP transcription factor family and studied the conservation of these genes. We found that the upstream transcription factors were more conserved, indicating that these upstream transcription factors may be more important in regulating cold stress. Meanwhile, we found the expression of AP2/EREBP pathway genes was significantly increased in recombinant inbred lines from Nipponbare crossing with Chaling wild rice, These results suggest that the AP2/EREBP signaling pathway plays an important role in Chaling wild rice tolerance to cold stress.
Keywords: cold tolerance; wild rice; AP2/EREBP; recombinant line